Methane

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Methane
Stereo, skeletal formula of methane with some measurements added
Ball and stick model of methane
Spacefill model of methane
號名
優先的IUPAC號名
Methane[1]
系統得IUPAC號名
Carbane (never recommended[1])
其他號名
  • Marsh gas
  • Natural gas
  • Carbon tetrahydride
  • Hydrogen carbide
識別號
3D model (JSmol)
3DMet B01453
1718732
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
EC Number 200-812-7
59
KEGG
MeSH Methane
RTECS number PA1490000
UNII
UN number 1971
性質
CH4
Mole質量 16.04 g͘mol−1
外貌 Colorless gas
氣味 Odorless
密度
熔點 −182.456 °C (−296.421 °F; 90.694 K)[3]
沸點 −161.5 °C (−258.7 °F; 111.6 K)[3]
22.7Pang-bô͘:Nbspmg͘L−1[4]
溶解度 Soluble inethanoldiethyl etherbenzenetoluenemethanolacetone and insoluble in water
log P 1.09
14Pang-bô͘:Nbspnmol͘巴−1͘kg−1
Conjugate acid Methanium
Conjugate base Methyl anion
磁化率 (&之;)
−17.4×10−6Pang-bô͘:Nbspcm3͘mol−1[5]
構造
Td
Tetrahedron
0Pang-bô͘:NbspD
熱化學[6]
35.7Pang-bô͘:NbspJ͘(K͘mol)−1
186.3Pang-bô͘:NbspJ͘(K͘mol)−1
−74.6Pang-bô͘:NbspkJ͘mol−1
−891Pang-bô͘:NbspkJ͘mol−1
危險[7]
GHS pictograms GHS02: Flammable
GHS signal word DANGER
H220
P210
NFPA 704
引火點 −188 °C (−306.4 °F; 85.1 K)
537 °C (999 °F; 810 K)
Explosive limits 4.4–17%
關連化合物
Related alkanes
除了特別指出,資料是根據物質的標準狀態 (佇25 °C [77 °F ], 100 kPa).
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Infobox 參照

Methane () (siōng)間單的 (kan-tan-ê)一款 (chi̍t-khóaⁿ)Alkane伊的 (i-ê)化學式 (hòa-ha̍k-sek)寫做 (siá-chòe)CH4。 1 (ê)methane是1个carbon經由 (keng-iû)4个sp3 混成 (hūn-sêng)軌道 (kúi-tō) (lâi) (hām)4个hydrogen (só͘)組成 (chó͘-sêng) (ê)化合物 (hoà-ha̍p-bu̍t)。 Methane是天然氣 (thian-jiân-khì)主要 (chú-iàu)成分 (sêng-hun)因為 (In-ūi)methane (ū)相對 (siong-tùi) (kah)koâiⁿ的產量 (sán-liōng)所以 (só͘-í) (i)一个 (chi̍t-ê) (chin)熱門的 (jia̍t-mn̂g-ê)燃料 (jiân-liāu); 不過 (put-kò)收集 (siu-chi̍p)methane (ē) (khì)拄著 (tú-tio̍h)技術的 (kī-su̍t-ê)挑戰 (thiau-chiàn),因為methane ()標準 (phiau-chún)狀況 (chōng-hóng)之下 (chi-hā)氣體 (khì-thé)

註解 (Tsù-kái)[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Front Matter". Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry : IUPAC Recommendations and Preferred Names 2013 (Blue Book). Cambridge: The Royal Society of Chemistry. 2014. pp. 3–4. doi:10.1039/9781849733069-FP001. ISBN 978-0-85404-182-4. Methane is a retained name (see P-12.3) that is preferred都the systematic name ‘carbane’, a name never recommended to replace methane, but used to derive the names ‘carbene’ and ‘carbyne’ for the radicals H2C2• and HC3•, respectively. 
  2. "Gas Encyclopedia". goân-loē-iông tī December 26, 2018 hőng khó͘-pih. November 7, 2013 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Haynes, p。 3.344
  4. Haynes, p. 5.156
  5. Haynes, p. 3.578
  6. Haynes, pp. 5.26, 5.67
  7. "Safety Datasheet, Material Name: Methane" (PDF). USA: Metheson Tri-Gas Incorporated. December 4, 2009. goân-loē-iông (PDF) tī June 4, 2012 hőng khó͘-pih. December 4, 2011 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  8. NOAA Office of Response and Restoration, US GOV. "METHANE". noaa.gov. goân-loē-iông tī January 9, 2019 hőng khó͘-pih. March 20, 2015 khòaⁿ--ê. 

參考 (Tsham-khó) (bûn)hèn[edit]

外部 (Guā-pōo)lên-ket[edit]

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Wiktionary
methane 這个詞.