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Australia， India， Japan， and the United States are highlighted in blue。 Former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe intended for the Quadrilateral to establish an "Asian Arc of Democracy"。
2007 (1st time); lasted until 2008|
2017 (re-established after negotiations in November)
|類型||Inter-governmental security forum|
States in the Dialogue:
Quad Plus additional members
- Dr. John Hemmings. "Should the Quad Become a Formal Alliance?". Official United States Air Force Website.
So, to summarize, we can say clearly that the Quad is not an alliance because it does not rest on a principle of collective defense and its members do not anticipate or expect that.
- "It's clearer to India than ever that Quad is no military alliance. Everything's a bit AUKUS". The print. 21 September 2021.
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